Sorted by Tag: lof

Do I need a change? Oil Change that is!

oilMrs. Jones Asks: Why does my book say change my oil at 8,000 Kms and my trusted repair shop is recommending it sooner at 6,000kms?   Mark Says: Well I find that the oil change interval (time and KMS) between oil changes in the book are great if you don't plan to keep your car after the warranty runs out. Why?   Well motor oil is the main lubricant and also a cleaner for you internal engine parts, and when oil is driven up to and over 8,000kms/ 6 months we find that deposits build up inside and can cause issues later on.   New technology in engine designs like:  Variable Valve Timing, Twin Cam overhead valves, Turbo Charging, Direct Fuel Injection, VCT transmission, Hybrid engines are all designed to give us:  more power, use less fuel, reduced tail pipe emissions; All rely on clean quality oil and filter, and maybe some help from additives.   Some of the Problems we see due to extended oil change intervals are:
  • Engine slugging and deposits - repair cost $200-$5,000
  • Stretch timing chains - repair cost $1,000-$2,000
  • Sticking or clogged Variable valve timing solenoids - repair cost $500-$2,500
  • Damaged Turbo chargers - oil starvation due to clogged screens - repair cost $800-$5,000
So let's look at the true cost of replacing the oil a little sooner than the book says and help to avoid some of the above mentioned oil related issues: Let's assume you drive 25k a year, keep your car for 8 years or 200,000kms
  • A basic oil change service costs about $40.00 + tax
  • 25k/8,000km = 3 changes a year at $40 = $120 x 8 years = $960 in oil change service only for 200,000kms
  • 25k/6,000km = 4 changes a year at $40 = $160 x 8 years = $1280 difference of $320 over 8 years 200,000kms
So the cost over 8 years doing 1 extra service annually (shorter interval) is only about $320 for basic oil, sounds good eh? Like the old "Fram Oil Filter"  TV commercial, "pay me now Or pay me later" starts to make more sense now. Cheers, Mark At Mark's Auto Service, we know the importance of scheduled maintenance, including oil changes. You don't have to go to a quick stop or the dealer. Don't worry about your warranty, it's safe here at Mark's.

Don't 'Fall' Behind in Your Vehicle Maintenance

Fall RaodSeasonal car care planning and preventative maintenance can save you money and time as the weather changes. Article from Mobile1 Timely maintenance does more than keep your vehicle running smoothly. It will save you money in both the short- and long-term because you are improving your vehicle's trade-in value, getting the most out of its mileage, and preventing costly repairs down the road. In addition to keeping cash in your pockets, performing routine maintenance and using quality products can help drivers stay safe through even the nastiest of conditions. Maintenance plays a big role in staying safe - according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, about one in eight crashes can be attributed to mechanical defects due to neglected vehicle maintenance. To avoid costly repairs and ensure your safety, prepare for harsh conditions in advance by following a few simple guidelines: Early Fall
  • Tune-ups - Get a full engine tune-up, as outlined in your owner's manual.
  • Fix the brakes - Don't postpone needed brake work. Avoiding brake repair can be extremely dangerous, and if you procrastinate, you may end up damaging your rotors and incurring considerably more repair cost.
  • Get an oil change - Motor oil is the lifeblood of every vehicle. Replacing your current oil with a synthetic product that is specifically designed for longer oil change intervals helps to extend the life of your car.
Mid to Late Fall
  • Inspect the battery - If a battery is older than four years, it may not work well in cold weather. When in doubt, replace it.
  • Inspect filters, coolants and hoses - Make sure all filters (oil, gas and air) are in good condition. Inspect the coolant and thermostat to ensure proper engine warm-up, and make sure your heater and defroster work. Coolant should be changed every two years. Inspect for leaking or soft hoses and replace as needed.
  • Emergencies - Put together an emergency kit containing gloves, boots, blankets, flares, a small shovel, sand or kitty litter (handy for providing traction on slippery surfaces), tire chains, a flashlight and a cell phone. You may also want to put a few "high-energy" snacks in your glove box.
Late Fall
  • Tire pressure - Inspect tires for excessive wear and proper inflation. Be careful not to under-inflate or over-inflate tires. Low pressure increases wear and fuel consumption, while too much pressure can reduce traction, especially in icy conditions. As the weather gets cooler, your air pressure decreases.
  • Icy windows and locks - Make sure to have window ice scrapers and de-icers available. Also make sure your windshield wipers and front and rear defrosters are working properly. A de-icer for door locks is also useful.
  • Slow down - Do not exceed speed limits and keep safe driving distances. Unnecessary speedups, slowdowns and stops can decrease fuel economy by up to two miles per gallon. Avoid gas-wasting jackrabbit starts and pace your driving to help avoid the need for sudden stops, which is especially critical during wet and icy road conditions.
  • Vehicle warm-up - To ensure proper engine oil flow and lubrication, allow your engine to idle for a few seconds before driving in cold weather, and drive slowly for the first few miles until the oil is fully warmed up. In addition to being good for your engine, this practice reduces emissions and saves fuel.
There's no reason to put off what you can accomplish today - and why wait until it's bitter out?Your car will be more reliable throughout the winter if properly cared for in the fall month.

VEHICLE MYTH: The only fluids I need to worry about are oil and gas

Everyone knows that without gas your vehicle won’t run. Most people also know that oil is important. Engine oil lubricates, cleans, and cools critical parts of the engine. The oil's additives also help to suspend dirt, where it can be drained at the next oil change. The life-blood of your engine, engine oil consists of various weight mineral or synthetic oils combined with additives for engine protection. Oils may come in single or multi-grades and meet various oil performance standards. Multi-grade oils usually start out as single-grade base oils, such as SAE 10W. Then viscosity-index improvers are added to modify viscosity. The end result is an SAE 10W-30 oil capable of flowing like a 10W oil at cold temperatures and a 30W oil at higher temperatures. Check your owner’s manual to ensure you are using the proper grade of oil for your vehicle. Most people neglect the other fluids in their vehicle, these include:
  • Brake
  • Coolant /Anti-Freeze
  • Power Steering
  • Transmission
  • Washer fluid
Brake fluid in the typical vehicle can become contaminated in two years or less. This is because the fluid absorbs moisture, which works its way through the hydraulic system. Under heavy braking conditions, such as those encountered in mountainous or hilly driving or when towing a trailer, moisture in the overheated fluid vaporizes (boiling point of water is lower than that of brake fluid) and braking efficiency is reduced. Brake fluid must maintain a stable viscosity throughout its operating temperature range. If it's too thick or too thin, braking action is impaired. Car Care Canada recommends replacement every two years or 40,000 kilometres, but you should check your owner's manual. Coolants, also known as anti-freeze, must be diluted with water at the proper ratios and should not be used full-strength. Generally, standard ethylene glycol type antifreeze should be changed every two years or 40,000 kilometres, check you owner's manual. Power steering fluid is an oil specifically formulated for use in power steering systems. The fluid lubricates and transmits the pressure needed for power-assisted steering. Check the power steering fluid level at every oil change. Refer to your car's owner's manual for specific recommendations on the type of power steering fluid to use. Fluids need to be compatible with hoses and seals. It is possible to check the power steering fluid level when your car is cold, but it's usually recommended to check the fluid with the car warmed up. Many cars today use a semi-transparent reservoir for power steering fluid, so look for a fluid level mark on the outside. If the reservoir has no markings, open the reservoir's cap. There should be a small dipstick attached that provides the level reading. Transmission fluid serves a multitude of purposes. Among other things, it cleans, cools, lubricates, transmits force, transmits pressure, inhibits varnish build-up and protects the transmission on a day-to-day basis. There are several different types of transmission fluids and they should be used according to the recommendation in your car's owner's manual. Be sure to note if you have a manual or an automatic transmission. Clear viewing through your windshield is a critical component of driving safely. Motorists often underestimate the importance of wiper blades and washer fluid, until they are driving down the highway in poor conditions and cannot see properly. Windshield washer fluid is critical for on-road, on-demand cleaning of the windshield. Some vehicles also use a washer system for the rear window, and even the headlights. It's wise to keep the windshield washer reservoir full at all times with washer fluid. Running the system out of fluid can damage the windshield washer pump. Stay away from water, as it does not clean as well as washer fluid. Article from
If You Are Using A Screen Reader And Are Having Problems Using This Website, please call Mark's Auto Service (905) 844-1111 For Assistance.